icon_book.png  Word Voyage of the Month


ERB has partnered with Word Voyage to bring you the Word Voyage of the Month! Students with increased academic vocabularies achieve greater reading comprehension, more enjoyment of reading, superior writing, and higher standardized test scores. ERB’s Pathways to Vocabulary with Word Voyage helps to achieve these key benefits while also teaching students better work habits and saving teachers’ and parents’ time! It is a perfect online alternative to standard vocabulary workbooks at a comparable price.


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Modern Definition: 1) Harmless; producing no ill effect. 2) Not likely to offend or irritate.

Meaning Up From the Roots: Quality of not harming, not offending.


Root 1: in

Meaning: not


Root 2: nec, nic, noc, nox, nuis

Meaning: harm, offense, death, injury, damage, conflict


Root 3: uous

Meaning: quality of


Related Words: obnoxious, nectar, nuisance, pernicious






Modern Definition: (Of an action) convenient and practical. Fit or proper under the circumstances. Convenient, advantageous, useful, beneficial.

Meaning Up From the Roots:  quality of that which (gets the) foot out of (way).


Root 1: ex 

Meaning: out of


Root 2: ped

Meaning: foot


Root 3: ient

Meaning: quality of, that which


Related Words: millipede, pedal, impede, expedition, pedigree

Etymological Story: From Latin, expedire "free the feet from fetters." 







Modern Definition: Developed more than is natural or usual at a given age. Ripe or mature before the proper or natural time.

Meaning Up From the Roots:  Pertaining to cooked, ripened before (others)


Root 1: pre 

Meaning: before


Root 2: coc, coct, cuis, cuit, culin, kiln, kitch

Meaning: cook, ripen; room for cooking, cooking stove


Root 3: ious

Meaning: pertaining to


Related Words: concoction, culinary, kiln, biscuit, kitchenette, haute cuisine

Etymological Story: From Latin praecox "maturing early"








Modern Definition: 1.) Apparently right; seemingly worthy of approval or acceptance; credible; believable; having an appearance of truth or reason. 2.) Well-spoken and apparently, but often deceptively, worthy of confidence or trust.

Meaning Up From the Roots: Deserving of applause


Root 1: plaus
Meaning: applaud, clap, strike


Root 2: ible
Meaning: deserving of


Related Words: plaudit, implode, applaud, explosion








Modern Definition: 1) Having habits fixed by long continuance; confirmed; habitual. 2) Firmly established by long continuance; obstinate; deep-rooted; of long standing.

Meaning Up From the Roots: (Having the) quality of being old, long-standing upon (it).


Root 1: in

Meaning: on


Root 2: veter

Meaning: old, long-standing


Root 3: ate

Meaning: quality of


Related Words: veteran, veterinarian, vet, inveteracy






Modern Definition: Shortness of time or duration; shortness or conciseness of expression.

Meaning Up From the Roots: quality of short


Root 1: brev

Meaning: short


Root 2: ity

Meaning: quality of


Related Words: abbreviate, abbreviation, abridge, brief






Modern Definition: pertaining to, serving as or consisting of an object or a representation that functions as a symbol, representation or allegorical picture; symbolic

Meaning Up From the Roots: characterized by throwing (something) on


Root 1: em

Meaning: on


Root 2: ball, ble, blem, bol, bol(e)

Meaning: throw, cast; dance, throw oneself around


Root 3: atic

Meaning: characterized by


Related Words: hyperbole, parable, diabolically, ballerina

Etymological Story: from Greek, emblematikos "pertaining to embossed ornament"







Modern Definition: 1) A mark or visible sign left by something which is lost, or has perished, or is no longer present. 2) A surviving evidence or remainder of some condition, practice, etc. 3) A slight trace of something. 4) A small, degenerate, or imperfectly developed part which was more fully developed and performed a useful function in some earlier developmental stage. 

Meaning Up From the Roots: footprint

Root 1: vestig(e)
Meaning: footprint

Related Words: investigate, investigation, vestigial 




Modern Definition: 1) Persistent; obstinate; stubborn. 2) Holding fast, or characterized by keeping a firm hold; inclined to retain what is in possession; highly retentive. 3) Holding together; cohesive; tough.

Meaning Up From the Roots: tendency to hold, grasp, persist


Root 1: ten

Meaning: hold, reach, occupy, persist, remain, grasp


Root 2: acious
Meaning: tending to


Etymological Story: from Latin tenax "holing fast"
Related Words: untenable, countenance, tenacity, tenement, sustenance, lieutenant, retention, tenet, tenant, contented





Modern Definition: To make young again; to restore to youthful vigor, appearance, etc.; to give or get new life or energy. To restore to a former state; to make fresh or new again.
Meaning Up From the Roots: to make young again.


Root 1: re
Meaning: again


Root 2: juven
Meaning: young


Root 3: ate
Meaning: to make


Etymological Story: From Latin juvenis "young"
Related Words: juvenile, junior, June, Juno








Modern Definition: Not open to attack or assault, as by military force or argument. Not subject to denial or dispute.

Meaning Up From The Roots: Not able to be leaped to (overcome)


Root One: un

Meaning: not


Root Two: as

Meaning: to, toward, by


Root Three: sail

Meaning: leap, spring forward, jump


Root Four: able

Meaning: able to, can do


Related Words: assailant, assault, desultory, somersault, insult





Modern Definition: Fortunate; favorable; indicative of a successful outcome.

Meaning Up From The Roots: Pertaining to observing birds.

Etymological Story: Predicting events based on the flight of birds; for example, sea captains see the birds before they land.


Root One: au

Meaning: bird


Root Two: spic

Meaning: view, look, see


Root Three: ious

Meaning: pertaining to


Related Words: augur, suspicious, conspicuous, despicable



Modern Definition: 1) Characterized by intense feeling; passionate; fervent. 2) Intensely devoted, eager or enthusiastic; zealous. 3) Vehement; fierce. 4) Burning, fiery or hot.

Meaning Up From The Roots: Quality of burning.


Root One: ard

Meaning: burn


Root Two: ent

Meaning: quality of


Related Words: arson, ardor, arid



Modern Definition: 1) Faultless; flawless; irreproachable. 2) Not liable to sin; incapable of sin.

Meaning Up From The Roots: Not able to stumble, sin


Root One: im

Meaning: not


Root Two: pecc

Meaning: sin, stumble


Root Three: able

Meaning: able to


Related Words: peccadillo










A logophile is a person who loves words. A person who enjoys having an expansive vocabulary.  A person who loves the way words interact with each other to create sentences.


Modern Definition: a lover of words

Meaning Up From The Roots: Lover of words


Root One: logo

Meaning: words


Root Two: phile

Meaning: love, friend


Related Words: epilogue, monologue, prologue, syllogism, philosophy, bibliophile, philanthropy, Philadelphia, philosopher