ERB News WrAP Pathways
Posted: October 09, 2014 by David Clune

WrAP & WPP CCSS Alignment Study

Based on the results of an alignment study performed by WestEd, ERB has since developed stimulus-based prompts and, in addition, has added the option of multiple genres for all WrAP prompts. Now WrAP non- stimulus prompts are available in all genres (Narrative, Argument/Opinion, Informative) at all levels and schools may select a genre at any grade or continue to use the same genre as in prior years. The new stimulus-based prompts require students to read, analyze, and reference related passages to inform their writing. These new prompts include Multiple-Choice and Short Constructed-Response items, as well as an Extended Constructed-Response essay. They are available in all genres (Narrative, Argument/Opinion, Informative).


These new stimulus-based prompts, as well as the newly written non-stimulus prompts have all been fully aligned to the Common Core State and NCTE Standards and to a high cognitive complexity using Webb’s Depth of Knowledge (DOK) framework. This new approach is also aligned to the level of rigor that ERB believes is now the goal in our schools as they work to enhance their writing programs and prepare students for the future.

 

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ERB is pleased to announce that in December 2013 we engaged WestEd in an alignment study of the WrAP and WPP writing prompts to the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards (CCSS). WestEd, a national educational organization, has been a leader in moving research into practice through research and development programs; by providing training and technical assistance; and by working with policymakers and practitioners at state and local levels to carry out school improvement and innovative change efforts. WestEd is at the forefront of providing alignment services for states, districts, several non-profit organizations including ACT and College Board, and most recently, Smarter Balanced Consortium of the Common Core State Standards. 

 

CCSS Alignment Results

We received strong alignment results for both the WrAP and WPP prompts:

  • Almost all of the WrAP and WPP prompts were found to align at either a strong or a partial degree to the CCSS.
  • Over 50% of the WrAP prompts and almost half (47%) of the WPP prompts were strongly aligned to the CCSS.
  • All (100%) of the WrAP and WPP prompts were rated at DOK 3 (described below).

 

Criteria used to align the WrAP & WPP Prompts to the CCSS

WestEd content experts analyzed the correspondence between the WrAP and WPP prompts and the CCSS for English Language Arts in grades 3-12. They rated the degree of match between the prompts and the CCSS and they also rated the cognitive complexity of the prompts. 

 

Degree of Match Criteria

  • Strong: The item/prompt assesses a fundamental skill or concept as explicitly stated in the standard. 
  • Partial: The prompt addresses the standard at a lower level of complexity or does not cover the full intent of the standard. 
  • None: The prompt does not address any of the content of the standard.

 

Depth of Knowledge (DOK) Using Webb’s Scale for Writing

  • Level 1: writing or reciting simple facts 
  • Level 2: engaging in first draft writing for a limited number of purposes and audiences
  • Level 3: developing compositions that include multiple paragraphs and complex sentence structure and demonstrate some synthesis and analysis
  • Level 4: developing multi-paragraph compositions that demonstrate synthesis and analysis of complex ideas or themes

 

In Detail: WrAP and WPP Prompts Aligned to the following CCSS:

 

Grades 3-4: 
WrAP & WPP

  • W.3.3-W.4.3: Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences.

WPP

  • W.3.2- W.4.2: Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas and information clearly.

 

Grades 5-6: 
WrAP & WPP

  • W.5.2: Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas and information clearly. 
  • W.6.2: Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas, concepts, and information through the selection, organization, and analysis of relevant content.
  • W.5.3- W.6.3: Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, descriptive details, and clear event sequences.

WPP

  • W.5.1: Write opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting a point of view with reasons and information.
  • W.6.1: Write arguments to support claims with clear reasons and relevant evidence.

 

Grades 7-8:
WrAP & WPP

  • W.7.1-W.8.1: Write arguments to support claims with clear reasons and relevant evidence.
  • W.7.2-W.8.2: Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas, concepts, and information through the selection, organization, and analysis of relevant content.

WPP

  • W.7.3-W.8.3: Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, relevant descriptive details, and well-structured event sequences.


Grades 9-10:
WrAP & WPP
W.9-10.1: Write arguments to support claims in an analysis of substantive topics or texts, using valid reasoning and relevant and sufficient evidence.

WPP

  • W.9-10.2: Write informative/explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas, concepts, and information clearly and accurately through the effective selection, organization, and analysis of content.
  • W.9-10.3: Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, well-chosen details, and well-structured event sequences.

 

Grades 11-12:
WrAP & WPP

  • W.11-12.1: Write arguments to support claims in an analysis of substantive topics or texts, using valid reasoning and relevant and sufficient evidence.
  • W.11-12.2: Write informative/explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas, concepts, and information clearly and accurately through the effective selection, organization, and analysis of content.

WrAP

  • W.11-12.3: Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events.

 

What does this mean for my school?

 

  • The alignment of the ERB prompts to the CCSS is a very valuable resource for teachers. It provides teachers with flexibility in how and when they assess their students, as well as assessing a particular standard.

 

  • The findings of this study provide guidelines for ERB to bring the WrAP and WPP prompts into full alignment with the CCSS and beyond. All three CCSS writing types—Informative/Explanatory, Narrative, and Argument/Opinion—will be represented. For example, new prompts that require students to draw upon and write about evidence from literary and informational texts will be developed.

 

  • ERB looks forward to collaborating with our member schools as we enhance our WrAP and WPP services.  If you would like to work with us, please contact us at WritingServices@erblearn.org. We hope you will join us in participating in this exciting and important initiative to build better writers around the globe!  

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