Non–stimulus student essays are scored using the 6 trait, 6 point rubric backed by expectations for each grade level. Individual trait scores, total trait scores, scale scores, percentiles, and stanines are reported on all non-stimulus reports. Scale scores, percentiles, and stanines are based on data that is analyzed using the previous two or three years’ results for that grade and genre. Mean total trait scores, percentiles, and stanines are also provided in reports for Independent and Suburban (and, where applicable, International) norm groups for comparative analysis. Class, Grade, School, and District Summary reports also include the percentage of students at each trait score point and total score point for the school.